There are many things that are being done to try to limit the spread of HIV and AIDS in Africa. These range from efforts to educate people about the virus to efforts to delay the onset of sexual activity among youths and to promote condom use when sexual activity does occur.
One thing that has been done to limit the spread of HIV is to promote testing for the virus. Many people in the past have carried and spread the virus without even knowing that they were infected. With more testing, more people are at least aware of their status and may be less likely to spread the disease.
One of the most common approaches is education. A typical example of this is the “ABC” program in Uganda. This stood for “Abstain, Be faithful, use Condoms.” Programs like this are meant to alter people’s behaviors in ways that will reduce their likelihood of being exposed to HIV.
A final example of efforts to limit the epidemic is the use of needle exchange programs. Drug addicts often share needles, thereby making it possible for HIV to spread among them. There have been efforts to provide them with clean needles so that they will reduce the risk of transmission of HIV.
All of these efforts, and many more, have been tried as ways to limit the spread of the HIV epidemic in Africa.