What African American art and literature movement came out of New York City in the 1920s? 

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dbello eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Known as The Harlem Renaissance it was a time of pride for the African American community in New York City. Many African Americans left the Jim Crow mentality of the south and came to Harlem. When they arrived a new sense of being emerged within the community which paved the way for a cultural awakening in art and music. Jazz was the music of the 20's and the hub of this sound was in Harlem. W.C. Tandy's 'St. Louis Blues', King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band, Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington were among those who influenced the American experience in music. In literature, it was Langston Hughes. His poetry celebrated the black experience with honesty and pride. His collection 'The Weary Blues' was widely read and had inspired many young African Americans to be proud of their struggle and to continue to aspire to their goals. 

engtchr5 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Harlem Renaissance was taking place in New York during the twenties. Authors such as Langston Hughes, Robert Hayden, Jean Toomer, Zora Neale Hurston, Arna Bontemps, and others made themselves known during this time period.

Besides literature, great works of art and music came about due to the Harlem Renaissance. If you ever watch an old episode of the Cosby Show, you'll notice that their living space is adorned by works of art from that period.

Overall, the Harlem Renaissance was a great time of African-American pride and achievement. During February, I usually have my students study this era to gain a broader perspective during Black History Month.