What are the adverse effects of unemployment?

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litteacher8 | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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One of the worst adverse effects of unemployment is that a person who is unemployed has a very hard time getting hired. Companies want to hire people who already have jobs. So out of work individuals end up taking part time jobs beneath their skill level to stay employed.
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besure77 | Middle School Teacher | (Level 1) Senior Educator

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Unemployment has many adverse effects. First of all, it can be very damaging to the individual. Say for example there is a very hard working who man who has always provided for his family. He loses his job and is suddenly unable to do so. This can be damaging to one's self esteem. In addition, when people are out of work they can no longer afford to purchase things they normally would. This can be damaging to the economy.

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lhc | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Educator

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Unemployment has many negative effects on an individual and his or her family; additionally, if unemployment percentages continue to rise, the effect can quickly become an unpleasant cycle for the economy.  A very simplistic example:  John Smith loses his job, cuts back his spending in every area, including wants (eating out, movies, trips to the amusement park) and even needs (shoes for his kids, or even meat for meals at home).  If John is one of several thousand who were laid off in a community, and they're all cutting back spending in the same way he is, soon the local grocery stores, restaurants, cinemas, department stores, etc will begin to register fewer profits.  A trend like that, allowed to continue, might lead to layoffs in the stores, restaurants, cinemas, etc, and the cycle will begin anew.  For an economy, local or national, to thrive, people must be spending money, and for people to spend money, they need to be employed. 

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Susan Hurn | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

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The depth of fear, desperation, and hopeless that can result from losing one's income cannot be overstated. It can become overwhelming, especially for a family breadwinner. In recent months, the news has included stories of those who have committed suicide as a result of these feelings. Tragically, there have been instances in which a head of household has murdered his entire family as a result of overwhelming economic pressures. These people may well have been very troubled to begin with, but it was impending financial disaster that pushed them over the edge.

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drmonica | (Level 2) Associate Educator

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For an individual who is used to working, unemployment can be devastating. The lack of income is the most tangible effect of unemployment. Another significant effect is the loss of one's career identity. People become accustomed to the routine of getting up, getting dressed in working clothes, and going to the workplace. When this is removed from one's life, it can spur clinical depression. Ironically, a depressed person is less likely to pursue the challenge of finding new employment as aggressively. In the United States, we are what we work; when we don't have work, we feel the loss of identity.

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Ashley Kannan | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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There are many negative effects in unemployment on both personal and social levels.  In the realm of the former, the person who loses their job can feel a depreciating value of self worth.  In a situation where a job is absent, even if one quits it, there is a feeling of questioning one's decision making abilities or self doubt.  The other impact is the financial one.  One of the adverse effects of unemployment is that there is a natural loss of income.  There is a natural feel and greater level of anxiety about how that missing income is going to be compensated.  Over a prolonged period of time, this can become quite problematic.  Families endure greater struggle when a member is unemployed.  Children don't often understand why this is the case and recalibration of how they live their lives are in order.  In cases that are becoming all to common, families must downsize their home and move.  This causes an inordinate amount of stress to children's psychological, physiological, and educational well beings.  The disruptive element of unemployment can leave tremendously powerful scars on a child's psyche.

On a social level, unemployment causes a greater reliance on government assistance.  This increases economic stress on social programs as well as on taxpayers.  This can also cause a great deal of social stress in terms of questioning job status on a mass scales, which can trigger a drop in consumer spending causing less economic growth.

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Lorraine Caplan | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

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You could probably write a book about the adverse effects of unemployment in a capitalistic society. What drives the machine of capitalism? It is a demand for goods and services and a return on investment, isn't it? If people are unemployed, production of goods and provision of services falls off, and simultaneously, the people who are unemployed lack the wherewithal to purchase goods and services. People who still have money, investors, are reluctant to invest any money in the production of goods or the provision of services because when production and consumption are down, there is no opportunity to get a return on the investment. 

Effects of unemployment are social, too, not just economic.  Frequently, crime rates rise as people are unable to meet their needs through work. Divorce rates often rise because people cannot solve their financial problems.  The rate of homelessness rises, as do the rates for mental and physical illness.  Homes are foreclosed upon or abandoned, and neighborhoods deteriorate as a result. 

The ability of government to provide for people is also seriously compromised.  When there is high unemployment, people pay less in income taxes and also pay less in sales taxes because they purchase fewer goods and services.  This leads to less in the way of public services, which includes everything from police and fire protection to the staffing for the municipal swimming pool and rubbish pickup. 

As you can see, unemployment is not a good thing for anyone in our society, and even the people who remain employed will suffer as a result. 

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nishu2766 | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Honors

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Unemployment is harmful to the society in many ways. Some of the bad effects of unemployment are given below:(i) Loss of Valuable Human Resources.(ii) Increase in Poverty.(iii) Unemployment is Demoralizing.(iv) Unemployment Gives Rise to Social Problems.(v) Unemployment May Create Political Instability.(vi) Exploitation of Labour.

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kevin0001 | Student, Grade 9 | (Level 1) Salutatorian

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There are a lot of adverse effects of unemployment. One effect is that you will no longer have any income. If the unemployment continues, then in the future, you will no longer have any money and will become homeless. The second effect would be mental health because you would be used to the work but now since you don't have the job anymore,  it wouldn't be useful. Your social life might be different because now people will see you as a person who has no job and no income. The last effect would be survival. With no money, there would be no way you can continue with out any food, water , and other items needed to survive life.

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crystaltu001 | Student, Grade 10 | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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Unemployment has many bad effects. Some people end up homeless because they lost they're job and can not pay for they're houses or their bills. Depression is also caused by unemployment because people have nothing else to do since they have no jobs. It can also impact your health is you can't pay for insurance, doctor fee, and food.

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acompanioninthetardis | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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there are alot of effects of unemployment which may lead to:

1. poverty because there is no income

2. becoming demoral 

3. impact on health for not being able to have enough money to go to the doctor, and pay for medications, food etc..

4. it may also impact people's mentality by becoming more depressed

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arrellbelle | Student, College Sophomore | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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In the long run, long term unemployment may result in the following:

  1. Decrease in income, obviously, without work there is no pay.
  2. If unemployment continues to rise, many companies lose precious workers, and this may result in the company shutting down.
  3. This may also lead to damages within one's social life, such as a divorce, loss of friendships, and loss of contact to the outside world.
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jimfc | Student, Undergraduate | eNotes Newbie

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In reply to "GetReal" #16:

...great response. Besides all the negativity that flows from having no
income; how can one survive in such a state without having some detrimental
effect on their self-esteem? Some could but many may not. For many that don't have real property, income from jobs frequently provides not only an identity but
a measurable personal value received through work. I've seen the house across the street abondoned; owner just picked up and left....couldn't pay their mortgage. How could this Not be looked upon as trajic?

..hope the economy.....changes, and soon.....for the better.

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patelmilia98 | Student, Grade 9 | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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it is bad because the depression causes everything to turn out to be a low economy

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getreal | Elementary School Teacher | eNotes Newbie

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What are the adverse effects of unemployment?

What are the adverse effects of unemployment?

Some of the obvious is no money coming in.Unless they are getting an unemployment check,which would not last long. A person could become depressed. They could loose a sence of self-worth. They could become hopeles,after time they  could become unmotivated and give up on trying to get a job. They could feel useless and helpless. They could turn to illegal ways to make money.They could loose their house and possessions.

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