What were the advantages and disadvantages of the Industrial Revolution?

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gsenviro eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Industrial revolution was the change in manufacturing processes that resulted in a revolution in production speed and cost in the late 1700s and early 1800s. The Industrial revolution resulted in several positive and negative aspects. It led to cheaper and faster production, which made goods available at lower rates and at a faster pace. Changes in fuel, from wood to coal, allowed for better fuel efficiency and better transportation facilities. This meant that goods could be sent anywhere in the world at lesser cost. Industry made goods had better quality as compared to homemade goods. The Industrial revolution caused significant changes in all aspects of life, including infrastructure, transportation, food and beverages, travel, etc. The down side of industrial revolution was the urbanization, due to the concentration of jobs in cities. This caused mass scale immigration from villages and the country side, causing trouble for both villages as well as cities. Massive build-up of industries also caused environmental issues such as air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, solid waste, etc. Global warming is one such negative impact of the industrial revolution.