What activities have adversely affected temperate woodlands?
Temperate deciduous forests which are found in places like New York State, have four seasons. In the autumn, trees lose their leaves to conserve available moisture inside their cells during the cold and dry winter. This is an adaptation. Many animals count these forests as their home including, squirrels, chipmunks, various migratory birds, owls, deer, foxes, coyotes, bears, to name a few. One human activity that has affected these areas include cutting down trees for lumber, and clearing forests for housing, thereby removing habitat for the animals who reside there. This activity also produces loss of topsoil and flooding without tree roots to absorb the rainfall and hold the soil in place. Overhunting of wolves led to their near extinction and because wolves are no longer a predator of deer, the deer population has few predators, and their population has exploded in these areas.
Temperate woodlands are a type of forest stretch with characteristics between those of cold coniferous forests which grow towards the Arctic and the tropical forests of the hotter climates which grow near the Equator. Temperate woodlands flourish in areas which are mild and moist and lie near the sea.
The actions of humans have contributed directly as well as indirectly to a destruction of temperate wood lands on a large scale. They have been extensively cut down to create farm land. In Australia just 3% of the natural temperate woodlands remain. Also, air pollution, smog, change in climate and degradation of the soil are among the other causes for the decline in temperate woodlands. In Europe just 36% of temperate woodlands remain healthy now.