The Second Continental Congress took several actions after battles were fought at Lexington and Concord in April 1775. The Second Continental Congress met in May and authorized various actions to occur.
One thing they did was to take actions that a government would normally perform. They formed an army. They placed George Washington in charge of it. They authorized money to be printed. They began meeting with the Native Americans as well as other countries. A post office was established. These are things a government would normally do.
The Second Continental Congress also informed Britain that we really didn’t want to go to war with them. We sent what was called the Olive Branch Petition to Great Britain. In this document, we said we wanted to remain at peace with them. We indicated that we wanted the unpopular laws to be canceled. Great Britain rejected this petition.
The Second Continental Congress also authorized a committee to write a declaration of our freedom from Great Britain. This document, called the Declaration of Independence, was formally adopted on July 4, 1776. We now said we were free from British rule. The Revolutionary War would be fought to determine if we would get our freedom from Great Britain.