What are the achievements of the United Nations Organization?

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Susana Scanlon eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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The United Nations (UN) has had a long and somewhat controversial history. Its supporters laud its accomplishments. Its detractors, including the United States, have sometimes excoriated it. Nevertheless, the UN has achieved quite a lot over the past seventy years, and it has been a positive influence.

One achievement of the UN is that it has endured since 1945. Its predecessor, the League of Nations, failed within two decades. But the creators of the UN learned from the League's unhappy experience and created a more robust and effective institution.

The Cold War was an impediment to the UN's effectiveness for its first half century. The world was divided into East and West, and agreement on any issue was problematic. The Soviet Union frequently used its veto in the Security Council. After the Cold War ended around 1990, the UN became more assertive and active.

In spite of East-West divisions, the UN took an active role in both the Korean War and the Suez Crisis (1956). Soldiers from many nations fought under the UN flag in Korea. The UN mediated the crisis that resulted from the Anglo-French attack on Egypt in 1956.

The UN has been active in peacekeeping operations, especially since the 1990s. The organization won the Nobel Peace Prize for its peacekeeping efforts in 1988.

A UN climate conference in 2015 produced the Paris Agreement. Signed by nearly two hundred nations, the accord seeks to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. President Donald Trump took the United States out of the Paris Agreement in 2017.

Today, it is hard to conceive of a world without the UN.

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Tim Mbiti eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Since its inception back in 1945, the United Nations (UN) has accomplished innumerable successes across the world, especially through coordination with its agencies and other similar organizations. Some of its notable achievements include:

Maintaining Peace and Security

Through peacekeeping and conflict resolution initiatives across the world, UN has managed to restore peace and stability as well as reduce the casualties of war. One such case is that of Sierra Leone where UN peacekeepers between 1999 and 2005 contributed greatly to the end of the decade-long civil war.

Global Food Security and Aid

In addition to changing climate and weather patterns...

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