What accounted for the rise of cities in the United States in the late 1800s?

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mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The rise of cities in the 1800s is reflected by the growth of the population of the cities during this time period. There were a few factors that led to the increase of population in the cities in the late 1800s. One factor was the growth of industries. As industries grew, more people either settled in the cities or moved there in order to get a job. Many of the factories were located in the cities. As a result, there was an increased need for people to work in the factories. As more people moved to the cities, there were greater opportunities for doing things that didn’t exist in the rural areas. There were more social and cultural events in the cities than in the countryside. This also attracted people to the cities.

The increase in immigration was another factor for this growth. There was a new wave of immigrants coming to the United States around 1880 from South and East Europe. These immigrants settled in the cities partially because they could find work there and partially because they had family members and other people from their background living in ethnic neighborhoods in the cities.

As a result of these factors, the population of the cities grew in the late 1800s.

pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There are two major factors that accounted for the rise of American cities in this time.

First, there was industrialization and mechanization.  This helped cities rise in two ways.  Industrialization led to the creation of large factories in cities.  This meant that there were many jobs to lure people to the cities.  At the same time, mechanization in agriculture was reducing the need for labor in rural areas.  This helped push people out of the rural areas and into the cities.

Second, there was massive immigration during this time.  The immigrants overwhelmingly settled in the cities.  This, too, increased the population of cities.  By 1900, 40% of Americans lived in cities and America was well on its way to being an urban society.