The Progressive Era Questions and Answers

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What were the accomplishments of the progressive movement?

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The Progressive Era in the United States occurred from approximately 1890–1920 and was a response to many issues that were seen as problematic in American society. The reforms of the Progressive Era occurred in many areas of life and brought about many changes that are still in effect today.

The Settlement House movement, led by women such as Jane Addams, the founder of Hull House, attempted to help recently arrived immigrants to the United States. The houses attempted to help with things such as learning English and finding jobs and ultimately had the goal of Americanizing immigrants so that they would better adapt to their new environment. There were similar settlement houses set up for African Americans as well.

Housing also became a concern during the Progressive Era. People, such as photographer Jacob Riis, documented the poor conditions of tenement houses in America's cities, often occupied by poor immigrants. These efforts led to new housing standards for safety and cleanliness....

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krishna-agrawala | Student

In USA history progressive movement refers to the movement for economic, political and social reforms that began around mid 1890's  and lasted upto entry of USA in World War I in 1917.

Rapid industrialization of USA during the nineteenth century caused problems that could be traced to factors like rise of business monopolies, dishonesty in politics, crowding of cities and development of slums, and poor working conditions of labour force. The progressive movement made considerable contribution in 1890's and early 1900, campaigning by many reformers helped in introducing laws aimed at reducing these problems.

The reforms of progressive movement included regulation of business practices, tax reforms, control on monopolies. The tax reforms included taxes based on income rather than property.

Many reformist politician occupying government offices also worked to end corruption in law enforcement, public transportation, and other city services. Also political powers of the voters was increased by legislation which gave them additional powers such as recall of a person from public office before his or her term ended. Also cities were given right to home rule. Under referendum laws the voters could pass laws without the need for the state legislature's approval, and overrule laws adopted by the legislature. The 17th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution adopted in 1913, provided for the direct election by the people of U.S. senators.

In the area of social reforms many states passed housing regulations to help improve the conditions in crowded slums. Centres called settlement houses were established by reformists where reformers and slum residents met and worked to improve slum conditions.

To improve working conditions of labour state laws were introduced that required safety precautions in factories and provided for compensation to workers for injuries suffered at work.  Also minimum wage were introduced by some states.