What seven elements of tragedy can be found in The Crucible?
The Crucible is a modern tragedy, so it can should be analyzed more in terms of the modern tragic hero, or, as Miller often says, the tragedy of the "common man." Proctor, of course, is Miller's tragic hero and, also, common man: he refuses to be made a scapegoat for the mass hysteria of the town. He would rather sacrifice himself and preserve his dignity than be a helpless accomplice in the fear-mongering and paranoia of the court.
Here are some elements of the modern tragic hero:
1. Person of less worth consideration
2. May not have the needed catharsis to bring the story to a close.
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What you are referring to is known as the tragic vision. A tragedy typically follows a set pattern. This pattern includes a disastrous ending, an ending which seems impossible to avoid, the disaster occurs because of the human limitations of the protagonist, the protagonist suffers, the protagonist’s suffering is not justified, the suffering leads to a learning experience, and the suffering tends to involve morals.
In the story The Crucible, one might examine the characters of John and Elizabeth Proctor. These are traditionally considered the tragic figures in the book.