What are 6 different ways in which judges are selected based on the different court systems? Judges are elected or selected within each state and each state has levels of judication. From the district courts to the appeals court, judges are needed for each court system. There is also a structure in place for electing or selecting federal judges.

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

All judges in the federal judicial system are appointed by the President of the United States and must be confirmed by the Senate. Justices to the Supreme Court and normally the Courts of Appeals are hand picked by the President, usually with the advice of his chief of staff, attorney general, or other legal adviser. There is no particular qualification, although most recent Supreme Court justices have either been federal judges or had substantial experience practicing before Federal Courts. District Judges, Judges to the Tax Court, Court of Claims, etc. are also appointed by the President, but usually with advice from another group, such as the IRS. When District Judges and U.S. Magistrates are appointed, the President normally consults with the senior Senator from that area, or the Senator from that area who is a member of his political party and receives suggestions from him/her.

State judges are appointed in a number of ways. In some states, they are chosen/elected by the legislature of the state. Not surprisingly, in that instance, almost all judges were once members of the legislature. In other states, they are appointed by the Governor with the consent of the legislature, much as in the federal system, in still others they are elected by the populace in a general election.

The link below, from the American Judicature Society can provide you with more detailed information.


Approved by eNotes Editorial Team

Posted on

Soaring plane image

We’ll help your grades soar

Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now.

  • 30,000+ book summaries
  • 20% study tools discount
  • Ad-free content
  • PDF downloads
  • 300,000+ answers
  • 5-star customer support
Start your 48-Hour Free Trial

Already a member? Log in here.

Are you a teacher? Sign up now