What are five reasons America colonists separated from Britain?

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mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There are several reasons why the colonists separated from Great Britain. One reason was the passage of the Proclamation of 1763 and the Quartering Act. After the French and Indian War, the British were afraid the Native Americas would attack any settler who moved west of the Appalachian Mountains. For this reason, the Proclamation of 1763 banned the colonists from moving to the new lands gained from France. The colonists were not happy about this, and some colonists disobeyed this law. They also didn’t like that they had to provide housing for the soldiers to enforce this law as a result of the Quartering Act.

Another reason for declaring independence is the colonists believed the new tax laws were unfair. Both the Stamp Act and the Townshend Acts required the colonists to pay taxes on various items. The colonists felt these taxes were unfair because they had no representatives in Parliament that could speak about or vote on these tax laws. They said every British citizen has the right to be represented in Parliament and have their representative vote on tax laws. Since the colonists were British citizens, they felt their rights were being violated because they had no representatives in Parliament.

The Boston Massacre was another event leading to independence. When the British shot and killed five colonists in Boston, some people believed this was the beginning of more events that would alienate the colonists. Since the British had now killed colonists, some people called for independence.

The Intolerable Acts pushed the colonists closer to independence. These laws punished the colonists, especially the colonists in Massachusetts, for the Boston Tea Party. These were very harsh laws, and the colonists said they wouldn’t obey them. This raised tensions between the British and the colonists even more. Additionally, the colonists began to form their own militias. This was a sign the colonists expected fighting to occur.

Finally, after the battles of Lexington and Concord, the colonists believed that a war was inevitable. There were many casualties on both sides, and actual battles had been fought even though independence hadn’t been declared. For many colonists, it was only a matter of time before independence would be declared and fighting would begin.