What are five literary elements used in the prologue to Act 2 of William Shakespeare's play Romeo and Juliet?

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The prologue at the beginning of act 2 summarizes for the audience the state of affairs in the hearts of both Romeo and Juliet. This prologue takes the form of a sonnet, a poetic form that originated in Italy and was later adapted by English poets. Within the sonnet/prologue, which is written in iambic pentameter, the volta can be found at end of twelfth line, which is typical of a Shakespearean, or Elizabethan, sonnet.

The sonnet form, written in the rhyme scheme ABAB CDCD EFEF GG, is often idealized as the greatest poetic expression of romantic love, which makes the form of this prologue ideal for the topic at hand: Romeo and Juliet's new love for each other. That it is written in iambic pentameter is also appropriate, as this rhythm is often described as an imitation of the human heartbeat. The volta, also known as the turn, takes place at the end of the twelfth line, and denotes a change in the message of the sonnet as a whole; here, in the prologue, the volta marks the turn in the sonnet from soft...

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