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Specific properties are derived from two intensive or extensive properties of materials. Here are some examples:
- Density: a ratio of mass and volume of a material. Mass and volume, both, are extensive properties and are dependent on the quantity of material. Density, on the other hand is an intensive and specific property of a material.
- Specific Gravity: ratio of density of a material to the density of a standard fluid (typically, water). Specific gravity is another intensive property, that is, independent of the quantity of material.
- Specific Volume: is defined as inverse of density and is a ratio of volume of a substance to its mass.
- Specific heat capacity: heat capacity of a substance per unit mass or amount of heat required to raise the temperature of a unit mass of substance by 1 degree Celsius.
- Specific modulus: ratio of elastic modulus of a substance to its density.
Hope this helps.
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