Mary Shelley uses many different literary devices in her novel Frankenstein. The following are textual examples of the literary terms are descriptions of their use and effect on the reader.
1. "Harmony was the soul of our companionship." Metaphor usage- Here, Shelley compares the relationship between Victor and Elizabeth to one of harmony. A reader knows what something is when it harmonious. Therefore, one is able to understand the level of love between Victor and Elizabeth based upon the comparison to harmony.
2. "The silence of winter."- Personification usage- Here, winter is personified by being allotted the ability to be silent. Some my look at this as a descriptive trait (how winter is quiet), but one could just as easily look at the silence of winter as describing a trait in regards to make a choice to be silent.Here, a reader can relate to how winter sounds and contemplate the idea of silence.
3. "Satisfied spirit."- Personification usage- A spirit, one which inhabits a person (not one which exists supernaturally), is given the ability to be satisfied. This allows the reader to see how at ease Victor is with Elizabeth. This illustrates the complete ease at which Elizabeth lives.
4. "Satisfied spirit"- Alliteration usage. Alliteration is the repetition of a consonant sound within a line. Here, the use of the repetitious "s" provides a sense of ease and calm for the reader. Again, Shelley is simply wanting the reader to see the importance of Elizabeth to Victor.
5. "Saintly soul of Elizabeth shone like a shrine."- Alliteration usage. Again, the use of alliteration shows the feelings of love Victor has for Elizabeth. It allows the reader to feel the softness of the emotions depicted by usage of the soft "s."
6. "Misfortune had tainted my mind."- Personification usage. Here, misfortune is personified. It allows the reader to see the effect which misfortune has over Victor. It also foreshadows an eminent tainting of Victor's mind.