What are 4 or more key features of the fabrics (textiles) of the Italian and Northern Renaissance era?
The wealthy of the Renaissance period valued fabrics of silk, velvet, woven with metal threads. These fabrics signified both wealth and power. The two most popular fabrics were silks and velvet. The craft of making silk was so precise, it has been called a "noble art."
Velvet was made from looped silk fibers incorporated into the weaving process in the length-wise threads (warp threads). The loops would be left intact or cut. Multiple colors could be warped. Thin threads of metal were woven in to show both beauty of the fabric and the wealth of the person wearing it.
The dyes used to color fabrics were as highly prized as the fabrics themselves. Merchants would travel all over to find the best materials for dye production. Highest prices were paid for the best raw materials.