Dystopia refers to "an imaginary place where people lead dehumanized and often fearful lives."
The Giver is set in a fictional location, a community that has no variation in weather or climate and has completely decentralized functions such as food preparations and distribution.
Climate Control. Snow made growing food difficult, limited the agricultural periods. And unpredictable weather made transportation almost impossible at times. It wasn't a practical thing, so it became obsolete when we went to Sameness.
Relationships between people are completely controlled by the Committee of Elders, the individuals who make all decisions for everyone in the community.
Like the Matching of Spouses and the Naming and Placement of newchildren, the Assignments were scrupulously thought through by the Committee of Elders.
Assignments demonstrate another dehumanizing characteristic of the community in which the story is set. Persons are not allowed to choose their occupation for themselves; the Committee of Elders determines everyone's assignment, which is announced at the Ceremony of Twelve and is not open to alteration or change.
The imposed structure of the family unit - one mother, one father, one boy child, one girl child - is another example of the way in which the society dehumanized the lives of its citizens.