What are the 3 main reasons the French and Indian war started?

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pholland14 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Both Britain and France wanted to corner the market on the lucrative North American fur trade. American settlers began to move west of the Appalachian Mountains in order to look for farmland, and they ran against French traders from Quebec who were in the area gathering furs. Ultimately it was an attack led by George Washington in the disputed territory that started the war in North America. 

Both sides saw this war as a way to determine control of North America once and for all. The region was doubly important as both Britain and France considered the possibility of using it as a supply point for its lucrative sugar trade in the Caribbean. While furs were valuable, the value of sugar from the Caribbean was worth more than all the other raw materials combined in the English colonies.  

Britain and France had fought periodically for over one hundred years before the French and Indian War—this war can be seen as a continuance of those wars. Another thing that led to the tension that created this war was British expansionism during this period into Asian markets, such as India. France did not want to lose power by being locked out of these markets.  

pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The French and Indian War (1754-1763) should be thought of as part of a worldwide struggle between the British and French.  That conflict is better known as the Seven Years War.

The main cause of the French and Indian War is the superpower competition between Britain and France.  These two countries were the most powerful in the world and competed for dominance around the globe.

Within this overall cause, there were reasons specific to North America that helped cause the war.

1. The desire on the part of both countries to control the lucrative North American fur trade.

2. The fact that the expansion of the British colonies in North America were threatening French territory and their trade routes.

These three factors (which can be seen as two subfactors of a main cause) were instrumental in causing the French and Indian War.

kodasport eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The French and Indian War was fought between the two greatest powers on earth.  The British and French had been rivals for a very long time in Europe.  By 1754, the rivalry had followed them to North America.

The French had long enjoyed a very profitable business with the fur trade.  The French had settled in the Ohio River valley, while the British were on the Atlantic coast.  British colonists had moved into the Ohio River valley by 1754 and began competing with the French in the fur trade. 

Not only were the French and British competing for dominance in Europe and in North America, they were also competing for trade in other parts of the world like Asia. 

These are the causes of the French and Indian War. 

parama9000 | Student

They wanted to monopolize the fur trade in North America and the French felt the British were threatening their territory as the British expanded. They were fighting in terms of trade and dominance of the region.

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