While the Columbian exchange had a number of negative effects on the New World and its indigenous inhabitants, this process did benefit both Europe and America. Three notable benefits of the Columbian exchange were the introduction of horses and cattle to America and the introduction of staple crops such as corn and potatoes to Europe.
- It's hard to believe, but there were no horses in the New World when the Spanish arrived. Spanish horses bred and migrated throughout the American continent at an incredibly rapid pace. They were an important part of Native American culture by the time the Americans began moving to the West, and they served as the main transportation in the New World until the invention of the train and automobile.
- Americans consume a great deal of beef. This was made possible in large part due to the introduction of cattle to America as part of the Columbian exchange.
- Corn and potatoes are both staple crops, so they were great additions to the European diet.