What is an example of backward intergration?

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

Backward integration is a type of vertical integration.  In backward integration, a firm expands in such a way that it no longer has to buy certain inputs.  Instead, it starts to produce those inputs itself.

An example of this might be seen in a firm that makes baked goods.  This firm might buy up farms that grow wheat or mills that grind wheat into flour.  By doing this, they would be making these inputs for themselves rather than buying them.

A firm might do this because it wants more control over the quality of its inputs.  Alternatively, it might do this because it wants more control over the supply of its inputs -- it might not want to risk having its suppliers run out of the inputs or be late in providing them.  By pursuing a strategy of backward integration, the firm can have more control over its supply chain.

See eNotes Ad-Free

Start your 48-hour free trial to get access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts.

Get 48 Hours Free Access
Approved by eNotes Editorial Team