The Justinian Code formed the foundation of Western Law in many different ways. First, it made a clear distinction between public law (law for the government) and private law (law for individuals) Under the umbrella of private law, the code recognizes that people make laws for themselves. The code also discusses how laws interact to create a legal system.
The Code sought to create a uniform code of laws out of decades of confusing Roman law. This effort took a team of legal minds 14 months, but the completion of this code changes the western world and provided guides for judges, students of the law and Roman officials. These distinctions and divisions are important for European and American Law even today.