What is `a^1980+b^1980` if `a`` `and `b`  are solution in equation `x^2+x+1=0` ?

Expert Answers
tiburtius eNotes educator| Certified Educator

We first need to solve equation `x^2+x+1=0`. We can do this by using the following formula for solution o equation `ax^2+bx+c=0`:

`x_(1,2)=(-b pm sqrt(b^2-4ac))/(2a)`

Thus we have

`x_(1,2)=(-1) pm sqrt(1-4)/2=(-1 pm i sqrt(3))/2`

Therefore `a= ` `(-1- i sqrt(3))/2=-1/2-i sqrt(3)/2` and `b=` `(-1 + i sqrt(3))/2=-1/2+i sqrt(3)/2` 

Let' now write  `a` and `b` in trigonometric form:

`a` is in third quadrant therefore



Therefore `a=cos((4pi)/3)+i sin((4pi)/3)`

Similary `b` is in second quadrant:

`arg(b)=` `arctan((sqrt(3)/2)/(-1/2))+pi=(2pi)/3` 


`b=cos((2pi)/3)+i sin((2pi)/3)`

Now for power of complex number we can use de Moivre's formula:

`(cos x+ i sin x)^n=cos(nx)+i sin(nx)`


`a^1980=(cos((4pi)/3)+i sin((4pi)/3))^1980=cos(660cdot4pi)+i sin(660cdot4pi)`


`b^1980=(cos((2pi)/3)+i sin((2pi)/3))^1980=cos(660cdot2pi)+i sin(660cdot2pi)`


Therefore `a^1980+b^1980=1+1=2`