Identify a figure of speech in "Where the Mind is Without Fear" by Tagore.  

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Line six contains an example of personification. It says, "Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection [...]." The speaker is describing the kind of world in which he would like to live. Striving is personified as both tireless and as possessing arms that it could reach out toward...

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Line six contains an example of personification. It says, "Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection [...]." The speaker is describing the kind of world in which he would like to live. Striving is personified as both tireless and as possessing arms that it could reach out toward something.

In the next lines, reason is compared to a "clear stream [that] has not lost its way / Into the dreary desert sand of dead habit" (lines 7-8). Here, we have two metaphors: reason is a stream of water, and thoughtless habit is a desert. In other words, in this ideal world, reason does not dry up in the desert, but, rather, it continues on, wending its way with some vigor through the sands.

In the final lines, we realize that the speaker is actually talking to someone, someone he refers to as "thee" and calls "my Father." This "Father" might be the speaker's actual dad, or he might be speaking to God. This is an example of apostrophe, where a speaker talks to something or someone who is absent or dead or cannot respond.

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I think that one of the most powerful images in the Tagore poem is line 3 and 4, "Where the world has not been broken up into fragments/ By narrow domestic walls."  To me, this line helps to bring out a great deal in terms of articulating a world that is not coherent and enduring a great deal of entropy.  I think that this metaphor is powerful because it provides a stark contrast to the vision that is brought out at the end of the poem.  The idea of "walls" being used to destroy a sense of unity and immersion can be taken on personal and political levels.  On one level, the personal building of walls separates individuals from one another and breaks apart the hopes of togetherness.  On a political level, when walls are built between nations, there is a fragmentation and antagonism that results.  As a writer who sought to give some voice to India, Tagore's words are extremely powerful on cultural and political levels.  The figure of speech, the metaphor of walls, is something that has powerful meaning in the poem.

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