What makes Western Civlization unique? I have to write a paper where we have been asked to try to find something that makes "Western Civilization" Western and different or unique from other civilizations whether it be government or religion or something else. 

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The development of capitalism, I think, is the unique aspect of western culture and society. From that came a certain type of industrial arrangement (though not really industry itself) and one can argue a lot of the discourse about individual rights as well. It also contributed to the drive for expansion, which again was not especially unique except in its scale and scope. 

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I'll try to expand on post #2's suggestion. The emphasis on individual rights comes into play in the transient nature of the Western mindset. In many Western cultures, epitomized in the United States but becoming more common in other parts of the world, it is easy to break away from the nuclear family unit and relocate to another place if there are potential advantages to be found in that new location.

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One aspect of Western Civilization that makes it unique is Christianity.  Christianity has been a huge defining influence on the culture and history of the Western world, affecting law, art, music, and society.

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I think that the most unique thing about Western civilization historically has been the idea of individual rights and democracy.  This has, of course, not been present at all times in Western history, but it is something that seems to have arisen in the Western world and that was not very present in any other major civilization.

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