The History of the Middle East

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Were the Umayyads and Abbasids both Shia?

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The Umayyad and Abbasid both oppressed the Shia at different points in time. The Umayyad gained power after Ali was unable to take his place as the leader of the believers because of his age. In his place, Abu Bakr, the Prophet’s father-in-law, took over leadership. After the death of Abu Bakr, Umar ibn Al-Khattab took over as the second caliph of the Rashidun Empire and he was later succeeded by Uthman ibn Affan. Uthman was assassinated and Ali finally took over leadership. However, because of conflict with the other Muslims who were supported by the Umayyad, Ali was assassinated and his position taken by the then governor of Syria who was from the Umayyad family. The Umayyad attempted to pursue a hereditary dynasty but the Abbasid, another strong family with...

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