Were there any factors that saved Britain from the fate that Europe was enduring in 1941?
I'm looking for particular things that collectively contributed to saving Britian from the same fate that the rest of Europe was experiencing in 1941..
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Great Britain was able to resist German aggression for several reasons.
Geographically, the English Channel provided a strategic defense for the United Kingdom. Because of the water surrounding the island nation, the Germans were forced to plan an amphibious assault, meaning their main method of conquest, the Blitzkrieg, wasn’t an option like it was in the rest of Europe.
In order to launch what was going to known as Operation Sea Lion, they would need air superiority. This campaign was known as the Battle of Britain, but the British were able to fend off the Nazi’s for several reasons.
First, Hitler focused his efforts on non-military targets as opposed to the military infrastructure of Britain. Instead of attacking airfields, rail depots and ammo dumps, Hitler attempted to pound the people of Britain into submission by attacking towns, cities and other civilian targets.
Another reason the British were successful in fending of Hitler was foreign assistance. Canadian, Polish, American and Irish pilots helped defend the island from the repeated air attacks of the Third Reich.
Finally, Hitler’s ill-advised invasion of the USSR diverted important resources away from the British invasion, and the eventual saved Britain from the fate of Europe.
The US supplied them with arms, and the UK was seperated from Europe by the English Channel (a place notoriously hard to attack across, with only 4 succesful invasions across). Also, the UK had had more time to prepare for an attack. Also, the most powerful country (Allied) in Europe at the beginning of the war in 1939 would most likely have been France. The problem was, France had been so traumatized by the First World War, that they weren't inspired to build up much of an Army. The Maginot line had only defended the direct border, and not France's border with Belgium, which was the route that Germany took. Poland fell quickly because it was attacked by both Russia and Germany at the same time.
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