Were the first English colonies established in the area known as Plymouth Rock?

Plymouth Rock is not actually the location of the first English colonies in North America. English colonists settled in Virginia 14 years before the Pilgrims came to Plymouth. However, Plymouth Rock still is a significant symbol of early European settlement in America.

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Plymouth Rock is an actual stone in Plymouth Bay in Massachusetts. The rock is the supposed site where the Pilgrims disembarked from the Mayflower in December 1620. They soon founded the Plymouth Colony, which was absorbed into the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1691.

However, the Plymouth Colony was not actually...

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Plymouth Rock is an actual stone in Plymouth Bay in Massachusetts. The rock is the supposed site where the Pilgrims disembarked from the Mayflower in December 1620. They soon founded the Plymouth Colony, which was absorbed into the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1691.

However, the Plymouth Colony was not actually the first successful English colony in North America. That distinction goes to the Colony of Virginia, which was chartered in 1606 and first settled in 1607 with the founding of Jamestown. However, the growth of Virginia was much slower than that of Plymouth. The settlers of Virginia were mostly commercial adventurers. They did not bring families with them or establish as significant of a presence early on. However, refugees from the English Civil War swelled the colony's population. By 1677, there were approximately 40,000 English colonists in Virginia. At the time, the Plymouth Colony boasted approximately 3,000 settlers. Neighboring Massaschusssets had already experienced a boom in population growth. During the 1630s, about 20,000 Puritans left England and settled in the colony.

Although it is not the first place of English settlement, Plymouth Rock continues to be a symbol of America's origin story. It represents a time when some of the first Europeans came permanently to what would become the United States.

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