At the start of the Cold War, were the Soviets afraid of Americans as much as Americans were afraid of them?

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At the start of the Cold War, the Soviets were at least as afraid of the US.  At that point, they had good reason to be.

At the start of the Cold War, the US had atomic weapons and the Soviets did not.  At the start of the Cold War, the US had allies very close to the Soviet Union.  For example, the US could place military troops in West Germany.  By contrast, the Soviets at that point had no allies anywhere near the United States.

For these reasons, the Soviets were at least as afraid of the Americans.  The Americans had more powerful weapons and could deploy them closer to the Soviet Union.

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