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pmiranda2857 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Grapes have been around for thousands of years.

"Vitis vinifera grape varieties were first cultivated in Caucasia in perhaps 6000 B.C. Cultivation progressed into Egypt and Phoenicia in about 3000 B.C. By 2000 B.C., viticulture reached Greece, and by 1000 B.C. it reached Italy, Sicily and North Africa. Residents of Spain, Portugal and France began viticulture in 500 B.C. and finally the practice spread into eastern and Northern Europe and even the British Isles."

According to the "History of Grapes" California has been cultivating grapes for two hundred years. 

 "The tradition of viticulture began in 1769 when Spanish friars - mostly Franciscans - established missions throughout the region. The padres planted a European grape variety, known as the Mission, in order to make sacramental wine." 

mwestwood eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Grapes are fruit that come from woody climbing vines; there are three species of grapes:  black, green, and red, which is a hybrid.  Grapes are sources of potassium, vitamins B-6 and C, and thiamine. 

The oldest cultivated fruit, grapes date back to earliest civilizations.  Some authorities believe that they go back 7000 years to Western Asia.  Drawings in Egyptian burial sites attest to the fact that grapes were grown as early as 2375 B. C.  The Greeks and Romans certainly cultivated grapes.  With the fall of the Roman Empire, viticulture was adopted by the Gauls; later, the French elevated winemaking to an art.  It is interesting that the French word for grape is raisin, which, of course, is the English word for the dried grape.

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