Analysing "Beasts of England" as a poem, what imagery and figurative language does it contain?George Orwell's Animal Farm

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mwestwood | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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A rather simplistic song with a simple melody and the lilt of speech, the song of the Rebellion, "Beasts of England" has short stanzas of four lines with the rhyme scheme of abcb. It is a catchy tune that the animals easily learn.  Throughout this battle hymn, there is figurative language and imagery:

Figurative Language

  • Apostrophe - the Beasts of England are addressed in the first stanza: "Hearken to my joyful tidings/Of the golden future time."  The final stanza also addresses the beasts.
  • Metaphor - "the golden future,"  "Tyrant Man,"  "fruitful fields of England,"
  • Personification - "Cruel whips"
  • Metonymy - "Bit and spur"  This figure of speech that substitutes something closely related to a thing actually meant. These metal pieces used on horses represent the controlling and cruel aspects of Mr. Jones. "Wheat and barley, oats and hay,/Clover, beans, and mangel wurzel" stand for the contentment the animals will feel.


  •   visual imagery - "golden future"  "bright"
  •   olfactory imagery - "Sweeter yet shall blow its breezes"
  •   tactile imagery - "trod by beast alone"



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