If we use 3.00g of CuCl2 dihydrate, what mass of aluminum is required to complete the reaction?Here is the balanced chemical equation: 3CuCl2 dihydrate + 2Al produces 3Cu + 2AlCl3 + 6H2O Full...

If we use 3.00g of CuCl2 dihydrate, what mass of aluminum is required to complete the reaction?

Here is the balanced chemical equation: 3CuCl2 dihydrate + 2Al produces 3Cu + 2AlCl3 + 6H2O

Full explanation please!!

Asked on by chocodonut

2 Answers | Add Yours

mlsiasebs's profile pic

mlsiasebs | College Teacher | (Level 1) Associate Educator

Posted on

Anytime we are dealing with the amounts of substances in a reaction, we always want to start with a balanced chemical equation.

3CuCl2*2H2O + 2Al --> 3Cu + 2AlCl3 + 6H2O

From the balanced equation, we can see the molar relationships between each substance.  For every 3 moles of the copper chloride dihydrate we will need 2 moles of aluminum to form 3 moles of Cu, 2 moles of aluminum chloride and 6 moles of water.  Because these relationships are in moles, we'll need to take the mass of our reactant and convert it to moles.

IN order to do that we will need the molar mass of the compound which is found by adding the atomic masses of the elements from the periodic table.  For CuCl2*2H2O (we have to include the water molecules because they are "stuck" to the copper chloride.  When we weigh the sample, it will include those water molecules), the molar mass is 170.5 g/mol.  ONce we have converted the moles to grams, we need to look at the mole ratio between the copper compound and the moles of aluminum.

3.00 g CuCl2*2H2O (1 mol / 170.5 g) (2 mol Al / 3 mol CuCl2*2H2) (27.0 g/mol Al)

= 0.317 g Al needed to completely react with the 3.00 g of CuCl2*2H2O

Sources:
chaobas's profile pic

chaobas | College Teacher | (Level 1) Valedictorian

Posted on

The mass of CuCl2 is 3 g and we have the molar mass of CuCl2 as 134.45 g/mol

We know that

 

Mole = mass/molar mass

Moles of CuCl2 = 3g/(134.45 g/mol) = 0.022 mol CuCl2

 

now the balanced reaction is 

3CuCl2  + 2Al =========> 3Cu + 2AlCl3 + 6H2O


here the molar ratio is 3 CuCl2 : 2 Al that is 3 mol of CuCl2 requries 2 mol of Al. 

But we have 0.022 mol CuCl2 so


0.022 mol CuCl2 * (2 mol Al / 3 mol CuCl2)

0.015 mol of Al


so 0.015 mol Al is requried and the molar mass of Al is 27 g/mol


we have mole = mass/molar mass


mass = moles * molar mass


Mass of Al = 0.015 mol * 27 g/mol = 0.40 g Al is requried.


We’ve answered 318,915 questions. We can answer yours, too.

Ask a question