Milgram’s famous experiment concluded that people are willing to inflict pain or suffering on others if instructed to do so by an authority figure.
Unfortunately, I wholeheartedly believe the results of Milgram’s experiment would reach the same conclusion if the experiment were conducted today.
The reasons are simple: human nature throughout the course of history changes very little, if at all. The cyclical nature of history itself demonstrates this to be true.
For example, the torture endured by prisoners at Guantanamo Bay in the early 2000s shows the callousness of those in power. It is quite possible that a few of the soldiers who participated in the heinous abuse of prisoners were hesitant to do so at first, but they went along with it because superior officers were engaging in the behavior.
Consider gang-like organizations in which lower level members commit heinous acts of violence at the behest of the organization’s leadership.
People are all too willing to abandon their moral conscience when assured that what they are doing is permissible.