Discuss the significance of Ma Joad ending the film, The Grapes of Wrath, with "We're the people."

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I think that Ma ending with the statement helps to bring about a populist affirmation to the film.  I don't think it's an accident that John Ford, the director, sought to bring this element of affirmation out of the film.  Ford's passion was the West and its impact on American sense of identity.  Consider this summation of Ford's work as evidence for the significance of Ma Joad's closing lines to the film:

Ford also championed the value and force of the group, as evidenced in his many military dramas ...

Ford believed in the common identity that linked the individual.  It is for this reason why Ma Joad's words are so significant.  She articulates a position that helps to validate the communal experiences of the poor in the film.  She contrasts this with the idea that at one point that her fear possessed her, inhibiting her to see things in a broader context.  Yet, the closing words of how her identity is linked to others becomes a source of strength, something that displays perseverance and enduring austerity in the face of struggle and agony.  It is for this reason why Ma Joad's words are so significant.

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