In the chapter entitled "The Old, Old Tree", Sam finds dogtooth violets, which are "little yellow lilies on long slender stems with ovel leaves dappled with gray (and) wonderfully tasty bulbs". He also discovers spring beauties, which "taste a little like lima beans", and dandelions, whose greens and roots "are good (but) a little strong and milky". He also, in the previous chapter called "I Find Many Useful Plants", eats the fruit of apple and walnut trees, as well as cattails and arrow-leaf, which turn out to be "good starchy foods".
Later in the book, in the chapter entitled "The Autumn Provides Food and Loneliness", Sam describes gathering bulrush roots and "the nutlike tubers of the sedges" in addition to arrowleaf bulbs and cattail tubers. He also finds some wild onions.