Summarize Chapter Three of "The Souls of Black Folk."

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Dubois begins by praising the achievements of Booker T Washington, yet then notes he was not a perfect man, one criticism of him being that he counseled “submission,” and this “overlooked certain elements of true manhood.” After noting other forms of criticism, including envy, Dubois states that “it is no ordinary tribute to this man's tact and power that, steering as he must between so many diverse interests and opinions, he so largely retains the respect of all.” But he also says that that “the Black men of Americahave a duty to perform; a duty stern and delicate—a forward movement to oppose a part of the work of their greatest leader,” who is Washington. Dubois then discusses (and criticizes) Washington’s position of “accommodationism,” which Dubois thought interfered with the essential rights of Negroes: 1) the right to vote, 2) civic equality, and 3) the education of Negro youth according to ability. He thought Washington’s position, though popular, especially among liberal whites, would undermine black franchise and education. Even now, scholars consider Dubois a much more forward and radical thinker than Washington yet value all Washington did to bring forward the emerging "Negro Rights" moment at the turn of the century.

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The Souls of Black Folk

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