Was Marxism alive in the sixties anywhere?Did it have any followers, any sudden waves, or how might have it been seen in the sixties?

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readerofbooks eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The answer is a resounding yes. Marxism was alive and well in many parts of the world. Let me give you one very famous example.

In the early 1960, Ernesto (Che) Guevara was one of the most famous people in Latin American, who was pushing for a revolution. He was an Argentine Marxist revolutionary, physician, author, guerrilla leader and diplomat. He also actually travelled around the world to places like China, the former Soviet Union, and even North Korea.

His basic framework was taken from Marx. However, his Marxism was also supplemented with his own experiences in Latin America.

He was also Fidel Castro's Minister of Industry and he taught workers about the need to work for more than material benefits. He called on Cuba's workers to sacrifice for socialism. He would do the same for all those who were willing to hear.

He also came to many of his conclusions, as he witnessed America's interest abroad and what he saw was the exploitation of Latin America. He wrote the following words:

"This penetration takes various forms: loans granted on onerous terms; investments that place a given country under the power of the investors; almost total technological subordination of the dependent country to the developed country; control of a country's foreign trade by the big international monopolies; and in extreme cases, the use of force as an economic power to reinforce the other forms of exploitation."

In short, Che sought for a Marxist style revolution, until his untimely death.


omw41 | Student

Well, I suppose that depends on what you consider Marxist.  Groups like the Black Panthers and other groups active at UCLA certainly had Marxist philosophies. In addition ideally, a commune had (or has) Marxist ethics and morality.