All four of the gospel accounts of Jesus's life agree that he was crucified at Golgotha or Calvary, not Mount Sinai. Golgotha, which was probably just outside of the walls of Jerusalem, was called the "place of the skull." Some scholars say that the area received this name because it was located on a hill that looked like a human skull or skullcap. Others contend that it was named the "place of the skull" because it was an area of execution. In either case, it was where crucifixion, a gruesome form of execution, took place. Since the Romans used crucifixion both to punish and to deter crime, it makes sense that the site could be seen by passersby, as noted in both the gospels of Matthew and Mark.
According to the gospel of John, 19:38-42, Jesus was buried by Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus in a new tomb where no corpse had ever lain. Following that, Jesus was resurrected, according to the Bible, and was on the earth for 40 days. He interacted with some of his disciples: notably, Thomas and Peter. After this time on earth, he was taken up in bodily form to heaven.