Was the French Monarchy doomed to failure from the start of the French Revolution?
Yes, it had no chance to succeed. French society was influenced to a great extent by the American Revolution and the idea of the rights of man as well as the right to change a government that did not protect the rights of the individual. The Bourgeoisie believed that only a representative government could adequately protect their rights. An aggravating factor is that the country was practically bankrupt, and Louis XVI was powerless to raise taxes. Rather than address the needs expressed by the Estates General, Louis called in troops to dissolve the meeting. This led, of course to the first meeting of the National Assembly. This was a perfect storm of difficult economic circumstances, Enlightenment ideas from the American Revolution, and a weak, vacillating monarch.