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The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 was a landmark federal statute passed by Congress at the behest of then-Senator and later Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black. A major component of the New Deal, the FLSA established labor provisions that remain largely in effect today, for example, the minimum wage, the forty-hour work week with extra pay for overtime, and restrictions on the use of child laborers.
Over the following decades, similar legislation would be passed addressing additional issues like protections for small businesses, for women (the Equal Pay Act of 1963), and for migrant workers who toiled in the fields picking crops for farmers (the Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Protection Act of 1983). These are all federal statutes that supercede state laws.
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