Was the first Cuban revolt against Spain successful?

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The first Cuban revolt was not successful because it failed to achieve its objective of Cuban independence from Spain.

Cuba's first sizable revolt against Spain occurred on October 9, 1868, when Carlos Manuel de Cespedes, a lawyer, led thirty-eight planters against the Spanish government. These Cuban elites wanted similar judicial...

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The first Cuban revolt was not successful because it failed to achieve its objective of Cuban independence from Spain.

Cuba's first sizable revolt against Spain occurred on October 9, 1868, when Carlos Manuel de Cespedes, a lawyer, led thirty-eight planters against the Spanish government. These Cuban elites wanted similar judicial and societal rights Spaniards enjoyed. They demanded representation in government and also the full enforcement of the slavery ban on the island. Cespedes unilaterally declared independence for Cuba, freed his own slaves, and incorporated their labors into his independence fight. The revolt was established by the newly formed Junta Revolucionaria de Cuba in its manifesto condemning Spanish over-reach and corruption.

Hence, the Republic of Cuba was formed on October 10, 1868. Cespedes himself penned the republic's constitution which proclaimed the abolition of slavery and tied Cuban interests to that of the United States. However, Cespedes failure to immediately cease the day to day practice of slavery caused much unrest in the Cuban revolutionary ranks. Also, the inability of revolutionary leaders to agree to a unified vision of the fight for independence and subsequent tensions between white and black revolutionary leaders caused the revolt to fail. Cespedes' first revolt stretched into a ten year battle for independence. Although the Ten Year War (1868-1878) did not achieve Cuban independence, it inspired two more conflicts which eventually won Cuba its freedom: The Little War (1879-1880) and the Cuban War For Independence (1895-1898).

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There were two unsuccessful attempts to oust Spanish colonial rule in Cuba. The Spanish forfeited rights in Cuba only after the Spanish-American War in 1898 when the United States intervened and defeated Spain.  

The first failed attempt was between 1868-1878 in what was called the Ten Years’ War.  The fighting lasted so long because Spain was in the midst of a civil war.  With the conclusion of the civil conflict in Spain, the government sent hundreds of thousands of troops to exploit regional divisions within the insurgents.  The Spanish used brutal tactics like executing insurgents on the spot.  As a result, Spain was able to beat back this first rebellion.

A second failed attempt at rebellion occurred between 1879-1880 and has been dubbed the Little War.  After some minor successes, the conflict ended with a Spanish victory. A lack of supplies and international help hampered the insurrection, which was the second of three attempts by Cubans to win their sovereignty.  

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