Was Britain's victory in the battle of Britain due to RAF strengths or weaknesses of the Luftwaffe?
As with all defeats and victories, the answer is probably somewhere in the middle. The British certainly had their weaknesses too, but not too many to overcome the Luftwaffe and defeat them. The date of September 15 is celebrated as "Battle of Britain Day," in England. This date is honored and marks the ending of the battles over London by the RAF and the Luftwaffe.
The “Battle of Britain” was a British victory that was really the first big failing for Hitler and his war machine. Military experts have said that the battle was totally un-winnable for the Luftwaffe. The Germans, although they had more military troops, their numbers were not sufficient to defeat Britain.
The idea that strategic bombing of London, which were based on the concept of the eventual devastation of public morale, were found to be insufficient in the face of British defiance and anger over the constant Blitzes. The Luftwaffe then decided to stop that strategy and this eventually let the RAF heal and regain their fighting strength. The RAF, even with damaged airfields had the Midlands. The British could take all of their equipment to the Midlands and this would have proven to be out of German fighter range, yet the RAF could still battle.
"The Battle of Britain results in a successful deflection of German air assaults, forcing Hitler to postpone the invasion of Britain and turn toward the Soviet Union instead."
The Germans that were shot down were immediately captured and imprisoned, but the British that went down were returned to their units, if uninjured, and able to fight again. Because of these personnel losses, loss of aircraft and constantly changing strategies by the Luftwaffe, the Germans were unable to recover.