An idiom is a figurative expression, word, or phrase that is common enough or used often enough in a language that the literal meaning is no longer considered.
A Christmas Carol makes use of several idioms that were perhaps made more popular because of the fame of this short novel.
Here are a few of the more well known idioms used in the story to help you get your list started:
- Dead as a doornail = irreverent way of saying dead a long time, or very dead.
- Tight-fisted = cheap; won't open his hand to give money or anything else.
- Solitary as an oyster = alone but not lonely, oysters have no sense of community.
- Humbug = a phrase made popular by Scrooge's use of it; original meaning is "hoax" or "jest." Scrooge uses "Bah Humbug" to declare Christmas a fraud or a hoax (an excuse to give to the poor, stay home from work, and be kind for no reason).