The Declaration of Breda was named after a city named Breda in the Netherlands. It was a manifesto drawn up by exiled Charles II and three of his advisors. The advisors were Edward Hyde, the Marquis of Ormond (James Butler), and Sir Edward Nicholas. It was issued in April 1660 and and it outlined Charles plans for restoration of the monarchy.
Here is what the declaration promised:
"a free parliament, by which, upon the word of a king, we will be advised" and religious toleration.
In addition, it offered pardon to any old enemies of the King-to-be and his father.
Copies were delivered to both houses of the Convention Parliament.
The Declaration of Breda was issued by King Charles II of England. In this declaration, he gave the conditions under which he would once again rule as King of England (after Cromwell and the Commonwealth).
The main terms of the declaration were:
- That he would pardon all but a few of the ringleaders of the rebellion that had led to the execution of his father. As long as the rest pledged loyalty to him, they would be pardoned.
- It promised that he would be "advised" by Parliament and that Parliament would be "free."
- It guaranteed religious toleration.