Identify some of the figures of speech in Macbeth from Act 1 to Act 4.like simile, metaphor, personification, etc
That's a tall order. How about Act I, scene 4?
Speaking of the late traitor, the Thane of Cawdor, Malcolm says:
Like the witches, his language is equivocal, "nothing in his life / Became him like the leaving it." Such an equivocation reveals paradox and irony, as it juxtaposes life and death. It also foreshadows what will happen to Macbeth, the next traitorous Thane of Cawdor, at the end of the play. The next line is a metaphor, "He died as one who had been studied in his death," which is again is paradoxical.
It is, of course, ironic that Duncan was gullible enough to trust Cawdor; he fails to study the death of a traitor as an omen. The speech also reveals the theme of appearance versus reality using face (mask) imagery.
He uses understatement and metaphor here to bestow blessings on Macbeth. Notice the weight imagery: "heavy" juxtaposed with "wing." Also, the time motif: "slow."
Shakespeare threads child imagery throughout the play. The "throne" is a metonomic synonym for "the king." He ends with irony: "safe," "love," "honor."
Banquo has the best line of the scene, using more child imagery:
It's irony and metaphor also, in that the "harvest" stands for Fleance, who will beget kings.
Duncan uses light / heavenly imagery after announcing his son as Prince of Cumberland:
Macbeth will echo this line in his famous "stars hide your fires" aside later. Macbeth also echoes Banquo's child imagery when he says, "The rest is labour," a pun.
The rest of Macbeth's aside uses more light/dark and body imagery:
The eye / hand juxtaposition is the big one: does the eye know what the hand will do? Later, Lady Macbeth will continually wring her hands while the doctor curiously eyes her.