What are the literary devices in Walt Whitman's "Song of Myself"?

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Walt Whitman's "Song of Myself" is an interesting work because it was completed over such a long period of time and revised based on Whitman's changes in life, experience, and thinking, though the substance and style remained essentially the same.

One of the primary symbols (there are many) in the poem is the extended metaphor of a journey. Whitman uses this idea of a journey aptly, since the poem took more than 30 years to metamorphose into its final form. The speaker (the "I" who is Whitman) shares his soul's journey (connection) to the earth, the ocean, with battlefields, and more. In section 46 he says

"I tramp a perpetual journey,"

and in section 51 he tells his readers that his journey will soon be ending and 

"I stay only a minute longer."

In the final section, he leaves us (readers) so he can finish his journey. 

Another constant symbol in the poem is the "grass." He refers to single blades of grass, leaves of grass (which is also the title of the poetry collection), and to grass as...

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