A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings by Gabriel García Márquez

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In "A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings," how does Marquez utilize symbolism and magical realism to challenge religious beliefs?

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In Gabriel Garcia Marquez' "A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings," the story seems to be a parallel to the story of Christ. Symbolically, Father Gonzaga represents the high priests that do not believe that Jesus is the Messiah. They tested Jesus often to prove that he was anything but the promised deliverer for which the Jews had waited so long. We see Gonzaga's suspicions when the priest tries to speak to the old man with the wings—deciding eventually that because the old man didn't look like an angel, he could certainly not be one.

Alien to the impertinences of the world, he only lifted his antiquarian eyes and murmured something in his dialect when Father Gonzaga went into the chicken coop and said good morning to him in Latin. The parish priest had his first suspicion of an impostor when he saw that he did not understand the language of God or know how to greet His ministers. Then he noticed that seen up close he was much too human...

This is very similar to the story of Christ. He did not act the way the Pharisees and priests of the Sanhedrin expected of him; when they asked questions, he answered with questions of his own. He did not condone the actions of the wealthy priests, and he consorted with tax collectors and harlots. Because he did not act as they expected he should, the religious leaders of the time rejected Jesus.

This kind of rejection is also seen in the old woman who comes to see the old man. She believes he is an angel, but shows him no deference or respect. The townspeople do the same—

...when they went out into the courtyard with the first light of dawn, they found the whole neighborhood in front of the chicken coop having fun with the angel, without the slightest reverence, tossing him things to eat through the openings in the wire as if he weren't a supernatural creature but a circus animal.

The people symbolize those who rejected Christ and demanded that he be put to death.

Magic realism...

...incorporates magical or supernatural events into realistic narrative without questioning the improbability of these events...

It seems that the townspeople already believe that a woman in the circus was changed into a tarantula for failing to obey her parents. The priest warns the people that...

...the devil had the bad habit of making use of carnival tricks in order to confuse the...

(The entire section contains 2 answers and 823 words.)

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