The God of Small Things by Arundhati Roy

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In Arundhati Roy's novel The God of Small Things, 'Velutha is the only shining light in the novel.'  Consider the presentation and role of Velutha in the novel.  How far do you agree with this view?

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To understand Arundhati Roy’s novel of India, The God of Small Things, one needs some appreciation of the ancient culture that continues to define that country.  India’s is a caste system; individuals born to a certain socioeconomic status are privileged, or condemned, to live their lives within the confines of that caste.  For the underprivileged – and India has hundreds of millions of desperately poor people – acceptance of their fate is too often the only way to survive.  Their prospects of upward mobility, while gradually improving as India’s economy grows, many Indians continue to accept the ancient caste system as inherently “Indian.” The upper castes may include nationalists and extremists, but it is still considered superior to those economically below them.  Roy’s novel includes a passage in which Rahel and Estha’s grandaunt, Baby Kochamma, would monitor the children for indications of lower-class manifestations:

“That whole week Baby Kochamma eavesdropped...

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