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Let's calculate A - B by first calculating its x and y components.
Since A points in x-direction, `A_x = 10` and `` `A_y = 0`
Since B makes angle of 41 degrees with positive x-axis,
`B_x = 16cos41 = 12.075` and `B_y = 16sin41 = 10.497`
Then the components of the difference of two vectors are
`A_x - B_x = 10 - 12.075=-2.075`
`A_y - B_y = 0 - 10.497 = - 10.497`
The magnitude of the difference vector will be
`sqrt((A_x - B_x)^2 + (A_y - B_y)^2) =10.19`
The angle between the difference vector and x-axis will be determined by the equation
`tanalpha = (A_x - B_x)/(A_y - B_y)=5.06` so `alpha = 78.8` degrees. Since both x and y components are negative, the difference angle makes angle -(180 - 78.8) = 101.2 with the positive x-axis.
Therefore, vector A - B has magnitude of 10.19 and makes angle -101.2 degrees with the positive x-axis.
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