Which of the following statements contains stereotypes? Explain your decisions.
1. People with obsessive-compulsive disorders are weird. They should be
avoided because they have lost touch with reality and are harmful to
2. Anxiety disorders are common. The types of anxiety disorders range
from a general state of dread to stress disorders. In serious cases,
anxiety disorders can lead to significant restrictions and limitations in
lifestyle, relationships, and work. Most people with anxiety disorders,
however, respond well to treatment and eventually can lead normal lives.
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Look at the differences between these two statements. The first statement is very judgemental and lacks any kind of nuance to it. That shows that it is a statement of stereotype while the second statement is more of a statement of scientific fact.
For example, the first statement uses the word "weird." "Weird" is by no means a scientific term. Instead, it is an emotionally charged word that is very judgemental. This statement tells us no facts, just opinions.
By contrast, the second statement is factual and at least implies that it has statistical backing for its claims. It looks at the fact that people with anxiety disorders do have problems, but also notes that they usually are able to function normally.
here are the tips for recognizing stereotypes.
Be aware of statements that are made without statistical or anecdotal data to support them.
Learn to recognize sweeping generalizations and absolutes. Often absolutes include such words as all, never, and always.
Evaluate statements to determine whether they allow for individual differences. For example, the following statement qualifies results and thus allows for differences: Among 12-year-olds who responded to a survey about drug use, almost one half reported that they experimented with drugs to appear cool.
Examine wording or emotionally charged words such as stupid, immoral, nasty, crazy, secretive, and underhanded when applied to a group. Evaluate the source for credibility.
Any help is much appreciated! Thanks!
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