Using an illustration, discuss the relationship between work, leisure, recreation and tourism.

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Work, leisure, tourism, and recreation are all intrinsically linked with one another. Let’s start with simple definitions, and then we’ll give an illustration. Work is obviously one’s job or career: it is how one makes a living, and by definition it is not restful. Leisure is the opposite or absence of work: it is rest and relaxation. Recreation falls within the umbrella of leisure, and it includes the activities and events we do to enjoy our time. Tourism takes it one step further—it is traveling to a location for entertainment and leisure.

For example, I work at a company, but this past week I took vacation (leaving work for leisure). On vacation, I went to Gatlinburg, Tennessee, a trip to another location known for being a travel destination (tourism). While there, I went to local businesses, went hiking, and rode rides (all forms of recreation). As you can see, they are all connected in various ways.

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Work and tourism are relatively simple to define. Work is what you do because you have to (or you're supposed to), instead of because you want to. Tourism is the practice of traveling to other places for enjoyment.

The difference between leisure and recreation is subtler. Leisure is the free time you have, recreation is what you do for fun during that free time. Leisure also includes rest, where recreation is inherently active.

How are all these concepts connected?

Tourism is a form of recreation which occurs during leisure; but it also requires someone else to do a great deal of work. When you travel to visit another country, there are people working to provide the transportation, people working to serve you food, and people working to maintain your lodgings---not to mention anyone who worked to produce souvenirs or whatever sights you've come to see.

This becomes important when we realize that, with rare exceptions, one person's recreation almost always requires another person's work. For me to vacation in Paris, someone else has to fly the plane, maintain the hotel, drive the taxi. I repay this by doing my own work, which benefits others and may help them have leisure. Work is effectively the price we pay for leisure.

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